A stall owner watches over her pork and beef stock in a local wet market of Hanoi, Vietnam (photo credit: ILRI/Andrew Nguyen)
Driven largely by income growth, and the swelling of urban populations, demand for pork in Vietnam is increasing rapidly, alongside a similar rise in the demand for higher-quality produce.
With this, a dual market structure is emerging, comprising of a few large-scale farms using higher-yielding technology packages, and a large number of smallholders using less-sophisticated systems. However, recent ILRI research has shown that smallholders using improved technologies can successfully compete with larger farms in higher priced markets.
ILRI research has also indicated however, that pork in Vietnam contains high levels of pathogens, an issue of growing concern among policy makers and the public.
Given widespread rural poverty in Vietnam, successful commercial smallholder pig farming alongside the large-scale pig industry may serve as vehicle for poverty alleviation. Identification of beneficial technologies, institutional arrangements and policies has the potential to cause a breakthrough in sustainable poverty alleviation.
With these factors in mind, current research in Vietnam of ILRI and our national partners is aimed at:
“Improving the livelihoods of rural and urban poor in Vietnam through improved opportunities and incomes from pig value chains as a result of reduced risks associated with pork-borne diseases.”